Avidhava Navami is a sacred ritual in Hinduism observed on the 9th day (Navami) of Pitru Paksha (the fortnight dedicated to ancestors) period. This day is dedicated to married women who passed away before their husband’s death. That’s why this day is observed by widowers only. People worship demigods like ‘Dhurilochan’ on this day, instead of Hindu Gods. The word ‘dhuri’ means smoke and ‘lochan’ implies eyes in Hindi. Since the eyes of the demigods remain half-closed due to the smoke, hence the name ‘Dhurilochan’. The devotees worship to invoke these Gods and seek their blessings on the Avidhava Navami day. The rituals of Avidhava Navami vary among regions and communities. The day is mainly observed on the northern side and is otherwise known as ‘Adukha Navami’.
Avidhava Navami Date And Muhurat
In 2021, Avidhava Navami falls on 30th September, Thursday.
The Navami Shradh timings- 1:16 pm to 3:39 pm.
Significance Of Avidhava Navami
The term ‘Avidhava’ means ‘not a widow’ or ‘a Sumangali’. Therefore, the customs of Avidhava Navami are conducted for women who died as Sumangali. It is believed that performing the Avidhava Navami Puja gives peace to the souls of married women after their death and they in turn shower blessings on their children. As per Hindu mythology, Avidhava Navami should be observed till the husband of the deceased woman is alive. The puja should be stopped after the death of the husband. Therefore, the Avidhava Navami Shradh Karma is conducted only for women ancestors and if anyone misses out to perform the rituals due to any reason, it can be performed on ‘Mahalaya Amavasya’.
Rituals Of Avidhava Navami
- Avidhava Navami rituals should be performed by the eldest son of the deceased woman on the Navami tithi of Pitru Paksha.
- The rituals and process are similar to that of Shradh where Tarpan and Pind Daan are performed to offer and tranquillity and liberation to the soul of the dead woman.
- Then Brahmana Muthaide Bhojana must be arranged after the smooth conduction of the puja where the Brahmins are offered food. Then the Brahmins are given Dakshina in the form of mirror, clothes, flowers and kumkum.
- In some regions, instead of performing the regular Shradh rituals, meals are offered to the souls of deceased women. In some other places, people also perform Sankalpa Shraddha on the Avidhava Navami day.
- Unlike other Pitru Paksha Shradh, the observer beckons the souls of his mother and grandmother on the Avidhava Navami day. Lastly, panda pradhana is performed which is otherwise known as ‘Anvasthaka Shraddha’
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