In India, the festival of Vishwakarma Jayanti, also known as Vishwakarma Puja, commemorates the birth of the Hindu deity Vishwakarma, who is revered as the world’s architect. Dwarka as well as the Maya Sabha for the Pandavas are said to have been built by Vishwakarma, the son of Lord Brahma. He is also credited with building numerous palaces and weapons for Hindu deities. “Swayambhu,” which signifies self-existence or to be formed by one’s own desire, was another popular name used for him. The festival takes place every year in September or October on the day when the sun god leaves the Simha Rashi (Leo) and enters Kanya Rashi (Virgo), hence the day is also known as Kanya Sankranti Diwas.
This day is observed with a lot of zeal and vigour by engineers, architects and skilled labourers such as mechanics, factory workers, industrial workers, smiths, welders and craftsmen. One can often find portraits of Lord Vishwakarma gracing the walls of industries, factories and offices of such workers as Vishwakarma is regarded as very auspicious by all the types of working communities. In 2021, Vishwakarma Jayanti falls on 17 September.
Significance of Vishwakarma Jayanti
Vedic rites such as Vishwakarma Jayanti are highly revered by adherents of the Hindu religion. On this day, God Vishwakarma, the heavenly carpenter and architect of the cosmos, is honoured by the Hindus. The Rig Veda and Sthapatya Veda, the science of building and mechanics, describe the grandeur of his accomplishments. When it comes to Vishwakarma Puja, it’s a big deal for the working community. Their prayers for success in their particular areas, as well as smooth and safe equipment operation, are addressed to Lord Vishwakarma on this day. On the Puja day, artisans revere their tools and refrain from using them. Thus, it is a holiday for them, and free meals are provided to them in many locations.
Vishwakarma Jayanti Rituals
Shops, factories, offices, and workplaces hold special prayers and puja on Vishwakarma Jayanti. All of these sites are attractively decorated with flowers on this day. When worshippers celebrate this day, they honour Lord Vishwakarma and his vehicle (the elephant). A beautiful pandal holds the major puja ceremonies and houses the statue of Lord Vishwakarma. The employees’ families also take part in these rites. The entire mood is jovial and merry. Prasad is provided to all workers after puja. On this day, workers also pay homage to their tools, and the office is closed for the day. Vishwakarma Jayanti is celebrated with a sumptuous feast. Everyone, including the workers and owners, eat it together. On this day, kites are also flown in several places. Everybody attempts to cut each other’s kite in a very competitive attitude, and the sky takes on the appearance of being a colourful warzone.
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Also read: Things to know about Simha Sankranti