Every year, on the fifth day of the waxing phase of the Margashirsha month, the festival of ‘Vivah Panchami’ is celebrated. In Hinduism, the date of Vivah Panchami holds special significance. According to religious beliefs, on this day, the divine marriage of Lord Rama and Mata Sita took place. Therefore, Vivah Panchami is celebrated as the anniversary of the marriage of Lord Rama and Maa Sita.
On this occasion, grand events are organized in temples. Additionally, Devotees also conduct worship and rituals in their homes. This year, Vivah Panchami will be celebrated on December 17, 2023. Some people mistakenly consider Vivah Panchami as an auspicious day for getting married. However, it is considered inauspicious to solemnize marriages on Vivah Panchami. Now the question arises: why is it considered inappropriate to get married on a day like Vivah Panchami, which is considered significant and auspicious?
Let’s delve into the reasons behind why marriages are not performed on Vivah Panchami.
Also, find out more about the Date, Rituals and Significance of Vivah Panchami 2023.
Vivah Panchami 2023: Date and Timings
This year, Vivah Pancham falls on Sunday, December 17, 2023
- Panchami Tithi Starts: 08:00 p.m on December 16, 2023
- Panchami Tithi Ends: 05:33 p.m on December 17, 2023
Significance of Vivah Panchami 2023
Vivah Panchami holds great significance and sanctity in the Ramayana. Lord Ram, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and the eldest son of King Dashrath of Ayodhya, visited Janakpur, the birthplace of Goddess Sita, on the ‘Margashira’ Panchami. The divine marriage between Lord Ram and Sita took place on this auspicious day during the Swayamvara, where Lord Ram broke Lord Shiva’s bow. Devotees celebrate Vivah Panchami to immortalize the sacred union of Lord Rama and Devi Sita through this ritual.
Mythological Story Behind Vivah Panchami 2023
King Dasharath faced a request from Maharishi Vishwamitra, who sought permission for Prince Rama to safeguard his Yagna. Though reluctant, King Dasharath agreed, allowing both Prince Rama and Lakshman to accompany the sage. After the successful completion of the Yagna, Vishwamitra, along with Ram and Lakshman, returned to Mithila. During this period, Mithila’s ruler, Janak, organized a Swayamvar for Princess Sita.
The challenge set for the participants was to lift and string the massive bow known as Shiva Dhanusha, resting on the ground. The bow was so heavy and colossal that none could lift it. Vishwamitra then turned to Ram, who effortlessly strung and broke the bow into two. Delighted by this feat, King Janak joyfully married Sita to Lord Rama.
Vivah Panchami Religious Rituals
There are certain rituals and remedies to be followed on Mahesh Jayanti to seek Lord Shiva’s blessings and attract health, wealth and happiness.
- Devotees begin the day by bathing and wearing fresh clothing.
- Idols of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita are adorned, with Shri Ram in yellow robes and Mata Sita in crimson attire.
- The sacred script ‘Vivah Prasang,’ particularly the Baal-Kand, is recited by the priest or family members.
- Listening to the legend of Shri Rama and Mata Sita’s wedding is believed to bring happiness and blessings.
- Reciting the Ramcharitmana on this day is thought to ensure a happy and prosperous family life.
- Devotion to Lord Rama and Goddess Sita is considered a solution for resolving family conflicts.
- Devotees chant devotional songs, religious hymns, and sacred mantras (bhajans) praising the deities.
- In ‘Ramleela’ performances, the Vivah Panchami is enacted in various settings.
- The celebration concludes with a final Aarti and the presentation of Bhog Prasad after the priest completes the Vivah Panchami Puja.
Benefits of Observing Vivah Panchami
- In case of marriage difficulties, performing puja on Vivah Panchami is recommended.
- Worship on this day can help overcome challenges in married life.
- Honouring the combined form of Lord Shri Ram and Mata Sita brings their blessings and removes obstacles in a marriage.
- Chanting Bala Kanda’s Path is essential during the idols’ wedding ceremony.
- Reciting the Ramcharitmanas also promotes a pleasant family life.
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