Guru Nanak Jayanti 2023: Date, Significance and Its Legend

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Guru Nanak Jayanti, also known as Guru Nanak Gurpurab or simply Gurpurab, is one of the most important festivals in Sikhism. It celebrates the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Devji, the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. Guru Nanak Jayanti is observed on the full moon day (Purnima) of the month Kartik, which usually falls in October or November according to the Gregorian calendar.

Guru Nanak Devji was born on November 29, 1469, in Talwandi (now known as Nankana Sahib) in present-day Pakistan. He was a spiritual teacher, philosopher, and social reformer who emphasized the oneness of God, the equality of all human beings, and the importance of living a truthful and righteous life. His teachings are enshrined in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism.

On Guru Nanak Jayanti, Sikhs around the world commemorate Guru Nanak Devji’s life and teachings with various religious and social activities. The celebrations typically include early morning processions known as Nagar Kirtan, where Sikhs carry the Guru Granth Sahib on a decorated float while singing hymns and performing devotional music (kirtan). Additionally, there are prayers, readings from the Guru Granth Sahib, and special community meals called Langar, which are served to everyone regardless of their background or social status, reflecting Guru Nanak’s emphasis on equality.

Guru Nanak Jayanti holds great significance for Sikhs, as it is a time to reflect on Guru Nanak Devji’s teachings and principles, as well as to come together as a community to celebrate his life and legacy. The festival also provides an opportunity for people of different faiths to learn about Sikhism and its core values.

So, let’s get to know more about the Date, Rituals and Significance of Guru Nanak Jayanti 2023.

Guru Nanak Jayanti 2023: Date and Timings

554th Birth Anniversary of Guru Nanak

This year, Guru Nanak Jayanti will be observed on Monday, November 27, 2023

  • Purnima Tithi Starts: 03:53 p.m on November 26, 2023
  • Purnima Tithi Ends: 02:45 p.m on November 27, 2023

Find Out Date and Muhurat of Kartik Purnima 2023

Significance of Guru Namak Jayanti 2023

Guru Nanak Jayanti holds significant importance for Sikhs and others who follow the teachings of Guru Nanak Devji. Here are some key aspects of its significance:

Honouring Guru Nanak’s Birth

Guru Nanak Jayanti is primarily a celebration of the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhism. It serves as a time to honour his life, teachings, and contributions to society.

Spiritual Reflection

The festival encourages Sikhs and followers of Guru Nanak’s teachings to reflect on his spiritual insights and wisdom. Individuals have to deepen their understanding of his message and its relevance to their lives.

Promotion of Equality

Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s teachings emphasized the equality of all human beings, regardless of caste, creed, gender, or social status. Guru Nanak Jayanti serves as a reminder of his commitment to breaking down societal divisions and promoting a sense of unity and brotherhood.

Service and Charity

Guru Nanak’s emphasis on selfless service and charity is central to Sikhism. During the festivities, Sikhs engage in seva (selfless service) by participating in community kitchens (Langar) where free meals are served to all, irrespective of their background. This practice reinforces the value of helping those in need.

Interfaith Understanding

Guru Nanak Jayanti provides an opportunity for people of different faiths to learn about Sikhism, its beliefs, and its practices. This fosters interfaith dialogue and understanding among diverse communities.

Cultural Celebrations 

The festival is celebrated with enthusiasm and fervour. Processions, music, and devotional singing (kirtan) are common features of the celebrations. These cultural elements help create a festive atmosphere and bring the community together.

Renewal of Commitment

For Sikhs, Guru Nanak Jayanti is a time to renew their commitment to following Guru Nanak’s teachings in their daily lives. It’s a moment to reinvigorate their spiritual practices and strive to live according to the principles he taught.

Global Observance

Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated worldwide, not only by Sikhs but also by individuals from various backgrounds who appreciate Guru Nanak’s universal message of peace, compassion, and equality. This global observance helps spread his teachings and values to a wider audience.

Guru Nanak Jayanti is more than just a birthday celebration; it’s a time to remember Guru Nanak Devji’s teachings and their profound impact on the world. The festival encourages people to internalize his teachings and work toward building a more just, compassionate, and harmonious society.

Legend Behind Guru Nanak Jayanti 2023

There are several legends and stories associated with Guru Nanak Devji, and while they may not be specific to Guru Nanak Jayanti itself, they contribute to the broader understanding of Guru Nanak’s life and teachings. One of the most well-known legends about Guru Nanak involves his childhood encounter with a divine experience that foreshadowed his spiritual destiny. This story, often called the “Sacha Sauda” or “True Bargain,” is frequently recounted in Sikh tradition.

According to the legend

As a young boy, Guru Nanak Dev Ji was given some money by his father to start a business. Instead of using the money for business, Guru Nanak decided to feed a group of hungry sadhus (holy men) he encountered on his way to a nearby town. He used the money to buy food and distributed it among them.

Upon returning home, Guru Nanak’s father was understandably upset, not understanding the value of his son’s actions. He asked Guru Nanak to show him what he had received in exchange for the money, assuming that Guru Nanak must have made a profitable trade.

Guru Nanak then led his father to the place where he had fed the sadhus. As they arrived, Guru Nanak revealed a divine spectacle: the food he had given to the sadhus had turned into precious jewels. The true worth of Guru Nanak’s act of selfless service was demonstrated, teaching a profound lesson about the importance of selflessness, compassion, and the spiritual value of helping others.

This legend exemplifies Guru Nanak’s lifelong commitment to promoting compassion, equality, and service to humanity. It underlines the idea that material possessions and worldly gains are transient, while acts of kindness and service have a lasting impact.

While this legend doesn’t specifically pertain to Guru Nanak Jayanti, it contributes to the broader narrative of Guru Nanak’s teachings and serves as an inspiration for Sikhs and others who celebrate his life and legacy on this auspicious occasion.


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