Nag Panchami 2023: Date, Muhurat, Significance, Worship Method and Mantras

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Nag Panchami 2023 is a festival dedicated to the traditional worship of snakes or the Nagas throughout India and some neighbouring countries like Nepal. As a part of the ritual, a Naga deity made of stone, silver, wood or a painting of a snake is given a reverential bath with milk and their blessings are taken for the welfare of the family. Live snakes, especially cobras, are also worshipped on this day, especially with offerings of milk and generally with the assistance of a snake charmer.

In 2023, Nag Panchami falls on August 21, Monday.

When is Nag Panchami Celebrated and What is Its Auspicious Time?

In North India, Nag Panchami is celebrated on the fifth day of Shukla Paksha (Waxing Moon Period) of Sawan month. This year 2023, this day falls on August 21. On the other hand, in South India and some parts of Gujarat, it is celebrated on the fifth day of Krishna Paksha (Waning Moon Period). This year it falls on Monday, September 4, 2023.

Let us know in which Muhurat it would be auspicious to worship Naga Panchami 2023 Puja

Nag Panchami 2023 Date and Muhurat for North India

Nag Panchami 2023 falls on August 21, 2023, Monday.

  • Panchami Tithi Starts: 12:21 a.m on August 21, 2023
  • Panchami Tithi Ends: 02:00 a.m on August 22, 2023
  • Nag Panchami Puja Muhurat: 06:15 a.m to 08:43 a.m

Nag Panchami Date and Muhurat for Gujarat and Parts of South India

Nag Panchami 2023 will be celebrated on Monday, September 4, 2023 in Gujarat and some parts of South India. 

  • Nag Panchami Puja Muhurat – from 06:23 a.m to 08:53 a.m

Significance of Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami is a festival of snakes that is greatly revered and celebrated across the country. The importance of worshipping snakes has also been seen in some other countries including Nepal. According to Hindu mythology, our Earth rests on the Shesh Nag. Nag Dev is also known as the Lord of Hell. Interestingly, the Snake God forms the bed of Lord Vishnu and is also wrapped around the neck of Lord Shiva/Bholenath. Nag Devta is worshipped in different forms with different names and methods. Hence, in reverence to God of Snakes, this day is celebrated. The special day of Naga Panchami has been fixed for the worship of the snakes. It is believed that worshipping snakes also removes the fear of snake bites.

The Festival of RakshaBandhan falls after Nag Panchami in 2023.

Worship of Nag Devta on Naga Panchami 2023

On the occasion of Nag Panchami 2023, all women of the country worship Naga Devata (serpent god). They offer milk to them and pray for their family’s well-being. The festival is observed because of the tremendous rainfall during the Shravan month. Due to the rainfall, snakes generally come out of their burrows and can kill humans to save themselves. To prevent this kind of mishap, Nag Panchami is celebrated. Snakes are fed with milk on this day and worshipped. It is believed that snakes have a sharp memory and remember the faces of people who harm them. When the snakes avenge it, they also harm the family members of that person. So to please them, snakes are worshipped on this day. 12 forms of Nag Dev are offered milk and worshipped on this day.

On Nagpanchami 2023, Chant the Names of 12 Forms of Nag Dev

On the day of NagPanchami, 12 forms of Nag Dev are worshipped and milk is offered. These 12 forms are as follows:

  • Ananta
  • Vasuki
  • Shesha
  • Padma
  • Kambala
  • Karkotaka
  • Ashvatara
  • Dhritarashtra
  • Shankhapala
  • Kaliya
  • Takshaka
  • Pingala

Chanting these 12 names during Nag Devta Puja removes the fear of snakes and Nag Devata also bestows blessings on the devotees.

Worship Method of Nag Panchami 2023

  • On the day of Nag Panchami, wake up early in the morning and take a bath. Wear fresh clothes and sanctify the house with Gangajal. 
  • Clean the puja place and install the clay idol or picture of Nag Dev. You can also make rangoli pictures of Nag Dev on both sides of the main entrance.
  • Worship with turmeric, roli, rice and flowers, and offer fruits, sweets and Panchamrit to the Snake deity during the puja. 
  • Perform the puja and distribute the Prasad among the devotees.
  • On the day of Nag Panchami, 12 snakes are specially worshipped symbolically to pay respect to the 12 forms of Naag Devata.
  • It is very auspicious to give Dakshina (donation) to snake charmers on the occasion of Nag Panchami 2023.
  • The day of Nag Panchami 2023 is also famous as Garuda Panchami, hence Garuda should also be worshipped on this day.

Also Read: Dos and Don’ts During the Sawan/Shravan Month

Nag Panchami 2023 Mantras

Chant these mantras and please the Snake deity to protect your family from any struggles.

Mantra 1

Anantham Vasukim Sesham Padmanabham Cha Kambalam;

Shankapalam Dhartharashtram Thakshakam Kaliyam Thatha;

Ethani Nava Namani Naganaam Cha Mahatmanam;

Sayamkale Pathennithyam Pratahkale Viseshata;

Thasmai Vishabhyam Naasthi Sarvatra Vijayee Bhavet.

Mantra 2

Sarva Naagam Preeyatham May Ye Kechith Pruthwithale;

Ye Cha Helimarichistha Yenarthe Divi Samsthitha.

Ye Nadeeshu Mahnaaga Ye Saraswati Gaamina;

Ye Cha Vaapee Thadaageshu Theshu Sarveshu Vai Namah.

Benefits of Nag Panchami Puja

  • It’s often said that praying to Naag Dev on this day removes the fear of any harm from snakes.
  • Conducting the Puja also reduces the effects of ‘Kaal Sarp Dosh’ in one’s horoscope. 

Also Read, Importance of Kaal Sarp Dosha Nivaran Puja

  • Worshipping the Lord on this day also helps to get rid of any curse or evil eye.
  • Naag Panchami puja is also very effective in mitigating Vastu Dosha.
  • It helps in eliminating various hormonal disturbances in the human body.
  • It is quite helpful in gaining benefits from one’s ancestral property.
  • The Puja is also considered quite significant to unearth and gain benefits from hidden treasures.
  • It is quite effective in nullifying the Nisantan Yog of childless couples.

Nag Panchami 2023 Environmental Significance 

All festivals are not observed for joy and celebration or because of myths. Some festivals also have reasons that are beneficial for the environment too. On Nag Panchami, many devotees are made aware of the snakes and their importance. Many people fear snakes and kill them since they’re afraid that these creatures will bite them, whereas the fact is that snakes don’t bite unnecessarily. Snakes are also very beneficial to the farmers. They destroy the rats that damage the crops in the fields. Naga Panchami 2023 comes in the month of Sawan, which is the season of sowing new crops. During that time the snakes protect the fields by driving away the rats.

Also, know about the Significance of Sawan month

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